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By Nathalie Dijkman

For the second time HiiL has held an Innovating Justice Boostcamp in Kampala, which took place on 7 and 8 September this year. The Boostcamp was part of the selection process for the winners of the Innovating Justice Challenge 2017, a global challenge that seeks to find innovative solutions preventing or resolving the most pressing justice needs of people around the world. 

This year, from over 60 applications that came in from Uganda, 10 were shortlisted by HiiL to take part in the Boostcamp, and 5 of those ended up pitching in front of a jury to stand to win the Challenge. The shortlisted innovations are tackling a variety of justice needs, including gender based violence, land disputes, forced migration and employment issues. 

During the first day of the Boostcamp, the group of innovators took off on a bus early morning to Entebbe to spend a full training day in retreat-setting guided by a group of expert mentors. The programme included learning about Lean Start-up methodology, filling out a Social Business Canvas, designing their first experiments on a Javelin Board and practicing their 4-minute pitch. In the afternoon the teams, recognized by bright ‘Justler’ t-shirts, went off into a small town off Entebbe Road to conduct interviews with local citizens, testing their main assumptions. As one of the innovators said: “We learned a lot from listening to people who are meant to use our service. (…) From all the people we talked to, everyone has had a problem with land. They didn’t know where to go and the question then is whether our service can make a real difference.” 

The next day, on 8 September, the wider public and key stakeholders were invited to the Boostcamp to meet the innovators and exchange ideas on justice innovation. This event was held at Africana Hotel during the Legal Aid Innovations Conference, which was co-organized by BarefootLaw, LASPNET, DGF and HiiL. The morning of the event held speeches by a.o. Chief Justice Katureebe, the Ambassador of the Embassy of the Netherlands and the Chair of the Judiciary ICT Committee Justice Kiryabwire. Up to 300 people came to this inaugural conference to learn about the most innovative justice solutions currently available in Uganda and how to improve justice through technology and citizen-centred solutions. HiiL’s Justice Needs in Uganda report, which was launched in April 2016, was mentioned by all stakeholders as a cornerstone of the evidence currently available on the most pressing justice needs in Uganda. 

The five innovations selected by HiiL which were pitching in front of the jury in the afternoon included: E-Migrate (an easy and safe travel agency for migrants and refugees), Evidence and Methods Lab (smart infographics of complex justice problems to promote accountability), Muslim Centre for Justice e-Law App (a legal sms service for Muslim minorities and users of the Qhuadi court), Land Title Search App (a smartphone land title verification tool) and Weetase (a voice-based mobile app to monitor victims of (forced) migration and trafficking). 

The 5-headed Jury, chaired by Lucy Ladira, the lead Advisor on Criminal Justice at the JLOS Secretariat, concluded during the public Jury Debrief that they were impressed by the pitches and solutions of all teams, although there was definitely a need for them to research their problem further. The Evidence and Methods Lab was announced as winner by HiiL’s alumni (Lawyers4Farmers and Justice2People), and special mentions went out to Weetase and the Muslim Centre for Justice (strongest impact) as well as the Land Title App (best presentation). 

 

This month HiiL is holding similar Boostcamps in Accra (Ghana), Nairobi (Kenya), Johannesburg (South Africa), The Hague (Netherlands) and Kyiv (Ukraine). At each event, innovators are trained and winners are selected by a local jury. All winners of the Boostcamps win 5000 EUR in seed funding and are invited to take part in HiiL’s Accelerator programme. In total, 12 teams are also invited to come to The Hague in December to take part in the Justice Entrepreneurship School and present their innovations in the Peace Palace. 

 

Nathalie Dijkman is the Justice Sector Advisor (East Africa Program Coordinator) at HiiL

 

Published: September 19, 2017

Published in Blog
Wednesday, 20 September 2017 15:27

Judiciary ICT Strategy Launched

 

Chief Justice Bart Katureebe has today launched a 5-year ICT that will see most of the court activities automated to facilitate efficient delivery of justice.

At the same occasion, the Judiciary also launched the Small Claims Procedure Annual Performance Report 2015/16, indicating a rise in court users' recoveries using this new justice innovation to Shs8 billion.

The ICT Strategy would, among other things, ensure that court users who cannot appear in court physically due to various reasons like infancy, old age, distance and costs can give their testimony via audiovisual link.

While officially launching the Strategy, the Hon. Katureebe thanked President Museveni for fulfilling his pledge of supporting the Judiciary to automate its courts. He said the government so far provided Shs6 billion to start the implementation of the Strategy, out of the Shs36 billion required.

“You remember two years ago, when the President had a meeting with the judges and we presented a budget of over Shs36 billion for over a five-year period and the President directed the Ministry of Finance to look into it and start. So this must be one of the promises that has finally come through and I am very grateful,” said the Chief Justice.

"I want to thank the colleagues from the Ministry of Finance for having provided Shs6 billion to start with and we are hoping that it will be sustained."

Hon. Katureebe also tasked the Permanent Secretary/Secretary to the Judiciary, Mr Kagole Kivumbi, to ensure that the funds received for the ICT Strategy are fully utilised, without waste.

“Every cent here in this project, will have to go towards what is supposed to do. You may wonder why we are here under the sun instead of being in a hotel somewhere, we want every cent to go on this project and we want this project to succeed and we want to account to the people who have given us this money,” said the Chief Justice.

Explaining the importance of the ICT Strategy launch, Justice Geoffrey Kiryabwire, who chairs Judiciary's Technology Committee, said court users would follow their court cases on smartphones, a scenario he said would reduce human to human contact that will help in curbing petty corruption.

On the Small Claims Procedure (SCP) Performance and Activity Report for the years 2015/16, Justice Geoffrey Kiryabwire, who also chairs the SCP Implementation Committee, said the posted financial recoveries by court litigants is a significant and it translates into a huge number of court users who have benefited from this innovation that was launched in 2012.

SCP was established by the Judiciary to adjudicate over claims whose subject matter does not exceed Shs10m and a lawyer is not involved. Such matters that are usually quickly disposed off like in less than a month, arise from supply of goods, debts or rent arrears among other commercial disputes.

Also the new report indicates that among the 11 pilot SCP courts, Mengo Court registered the highest activity as regards the filing of cases that fall under the category of Small Claims. 

Mengo registered 500 cases and disposed off 437 of them in the last financial year, followed by Makindye court that registered 359 cases and disposed off 338 of them.

Justice David Wangutusi, who heads the High Court Commercial Division, said he is also a beneficiary of the Small Claims Procedure. He explained that after chasing after his tenant for long without paying rent,  he opted to Small Claims and that his sturbon tenant cleared him the following day.

 

Source: Judiciary / Published: September 20, 2017

Published in Latest News

 

The Judiciary has developed a robust Information and Communications Technology (ICT) strategy. It is expected that within the next three years, an e-justice will have been operationalized.

Chief Justice Bart Katureebe revealed this on Friday while inaugurating the Legal Aid innovations conference at Hotel Africana in Kampala.

Katureebe said it was imperative that the Government facilitates the development of a legal aid policy and law, adopts a-state-funded legal aid scheme and strengthens community-led initiatives, such as local council courts and a paralegal advisory system that would fill the existing gaps in legal aid service provision.

He, however, regretted that the system was still struggling to eliminate case backlog, which he said was one of the greatest systemic barriers against access to justice.

“The sector is also still grappling with the fact that most Justice Law and Orders Sector (JLOS) institutions remain largely urban-based and unavailable in 18% of the district, while 41% of the institutions operate from premises not fit for the purpose.

The justice system is further faced with many other constraints in service delivery that include lack of modern ICT equipment and reliance on manual processes, low budgetary support to sector institutions, limited legal reference materials, poor remuneration and conditions of service for judicial officers and other staff within the institutions and limited knowledge of the law and human rights by the majority population, among others,” Katureebe further lamented.

He said a report by The Hague Institute for Innovation and the Law (HIIL) on Justice Needs 2016 also revealed that 88% of Ugandans experienced difficulty in accessing justice in the past four years, with land and family cases being rated as the top two most critical disputes.

Katureebe noted that only 18% of the Ugandan population receives legal aid services annually, which leaves the majority, especially the poor and most vulnerable, unable to access justice.      

Katureebe said that such a situation leads to frustration sometimes, culminating into criminality manifesting in acts such as suicide and use of extra judicial means like mob justice, which creates insecurity to the population.

 

He noted that there is an acute shortage of legal practitioners in rural areas and that the legal aid service providers currently available provide project-led interventions, which are not sustainable. 

“Our focus should be on what work for the ordinary persons who form the majority of our population. Once we develop a simple, user-friendly and cost effective justice system, the majority will be satisfied and the rates of satisfaction will hit through the roof, which will have unprecedented impact on the public confidence in the administration of justice in this country,” Katureebe stressed.

 

 

Source: New Vision / Published: September 11, 2017

 

Published in Latest News

 

The Legal Aid Service Providers Network (LASPNET) in collaboration with Barefoot Law and with support from the Democratic Governance Facility will this week hold the first ever legal aid innovations conference from September 7-8, 2017 at Hotel Africana. The conference is aimed at providing a platform to showcase innovations in legal aid service provision. The Hon. Chief Justice is expected to officially open the conference.

The innovations conference will also provide space to network and share good practices in legal aid service delivery especially low cost initiatives that increase efficiency in accessing justice. 

The Hill-Innovating Justice boostcamp will also be part of the conference on day 2 where the 2017 semi-finalists for the HiLL Challenge will be selected.

For more information visit / to register, visit the conference website: www.laicon.org. Follow the 2017 Legal Aid Innovations Conference on twitter via hashtag #LAICON2017

 

By Edgar Kuhimbisa | Published: September 4, 2017

Published in Latest News
Friday, 21 April 2017 14:36

Innovating Justice Challenge 2017

 

Innovators working on justice and legal issues worldwide can apply for up to 20,000 EUR in equity-free grant money as part of the HiiL Justice Accelerator’s Innovating Justice Challenge. The Call for Applications, which opened March 1 and remains open until June 30, encourages two types of application: first, startups with an idea and team may apply for funding in the Call for Innovations; second, individuals without a team or idea can apply for the Call for Talent.

The Call for Innovations has, over the last five years, awarded funding to over 60 innovative justice/legal technologies from all over the world. It is open to applicants with both a team and justice innovation idea.

The Call for Talent is a search for individuals with a particular skill that they wish to apply to the cause of justice innovation. Up to 10 individuals will be selected and supported through innovation training, some travel to local events, support for their ideas, and future support.

Applications are particularly encouraged that address six main points of justice: employment justice, family justice, neighbor disputes, land disputes, crime and law enforcement, and migration/human trafficking. Applications are also welcome from other areas. More information about HiiL can be found HERE and please submit your ideas HERE.

 

information Courtesy of HiiL / Published: April 21 2017

 

Want to see what impact justice entrepreneurship can have? Follow HiiL's 2016 winning innovators on www.innovatingjustice.com

Published in About JLOS

 

Six (6) Ugandan innovation proposals have been shortlisted in the 2016 edition of HIIL innovating Justice awards for 2016. These are part of the 36 innovations selected by HiLL - 14 of which are from East Africa forming the biggest chuck of those who made it to this stage from the 05 participating regions (Southern Africa, Northern Africa, Middle East and Ukraine).

According to a statement released by Connor Sattely the Business Accelerator Agent at HiiL, the semi final list includes seven startups that were selected as winners of the 2016 Voting Campaign, as well as 29 innovations selected by HiiL in conjunction with local entrepreneurship experts in those innovations' regions. Together, the 36 innovations will now attend and pitch at a local Boostcamp in their region -- Kyiv, Lagos, Nairobi, Tunis, Johannesburg, and Kampala. Additionally, some of the 36 will crowdfund on www.innovatingjustice.com starting on October 1.

The Kampala edition of the Innovating Justice Boostcamp will take place on September 23 2016 at Ranlab.

The HiiL Justice Accelerator team will select up to 10 innovations by October 20 who will move on to the final round and pitch in The Hague in December for an Innovating Justice Award. Up to 160,000 EUR will be split between the winners of the awards.

 

About HiiL

HiiL is a not-for-profit foundation based in The Hague, Netherlands with specific focus on introducing innovation to justice systems through cutting edge research about the needs of users. In Uganda, HiLL recently authored a report 'Justice Needs in Uganda' that takes a broad look at the day to day experiences and justice needs of ordinary Ugandans. 

 

By Edgar Kuhimbisa | Published: September 6 2016

 

CORRECTION: Six (6) start ups from Uganda have been shortlisted for the Innovating Justice Awards 2016 semi finals and not three (3) as stated in the earlier edition of this article.

Published in Latest News

 

Are you a justice entrepreneur with an innovative idea that can truly bring access to justice to SMEs and/or families? Then submit your innovation right away!

This year, HiiL has launched two competition-challenges around two thematic issues – SME Empowerment and Family Justice. The unique approach that we adopt is to understand from the bottom-up what legal and justice issues people face today. This is why we have gathered data from thousands of people, asking about their urgent justice needs. Why are they unable to solve their problems? Is it an issue of costly legal procedures, corrupt court systems, a complete unawareness of their own rights? These are the questions we find answers to and we act on these problem-areas through innovation. Our data reports fromUganda and Ukraine show that people generally have little trust in their formal justice systems and that their daily legal needs can easily be solved through innovative justice solutions like self-help platforms and legal applications.

Innovation provides the alternative to your standard procedures that may not always be providing the right solutions. This is why HiiL is looking for top justice innovations that will empower and strengthen both families and SMEs across Africa, the Middle East and Ukraine. In order to make the best solutions more impactful, we have up to €160,000 in acceleration funding available and the winners of the challenges will continue to receive intensive expert support from our team.

 

Want to apply or read further? Please go to www.innovatingjustice.com

 

SOURCE: www.hiil.org

 

DOWNLOAD:

Flyer: Call for Justice Innovations

Published in Latest News

 

Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a vital role in the development of the Ugandan economy. MSMEs collectively constitute about 90% of private sector production and employ over 2,5 million people. The results of a recent survey carried out with over 1800 MSMEs in Uganda highlighted that one fifth of MSMEs have not registered, and three quarters do not have a tax identification number (NATHAN, FSD & TNS, 2015 ‘National Small Business Survey of Uganda’). Around a quarter say they do not know how to register, or that it is too complicated to do so. But registration is required in order to trade, expand and receive licenses. Hence, there is a huge opportunity to sensitize and provide these businesses with legal guidance in making their business sustainable. 

The mSMEGarage is a spin off lead by Barefoot Lawyers that provides legal services – in various stages of their development – to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Uganda. Founded by Gerald Abila and Michael Kwizera, the mSMEGarage is aiming to reach over 1000 SMEs in its first 6 months. One thing that makes them innovative, is that they leverage on Africa’s growing social media penetration and use those channels to provide legal support.

Timothy Kakuru is the Garage’s project manager, heading the operations and providing virtual assistance to its registered members through Facebook, WhatAapp and via their website. The website content is constantly being updated with new legal information on business registration, contracting, patenting, licensing, taxation or legal procedures. Users have to register in order to download template legal documents or book an appointment for a face-to-face consultation with a lawyer. In addition, four field executives - business analysts – work full time to approach small business owners at various locations in Kampala to ask about their legal needs and interest in registering for the mSMEGarage. 

One of mSMEGarage’s clients is Tambula. Tambula is a boda-boda-tracking company that launched in 2014 to increase safety and security for Kampala’s thousands of motorcycles – many of which end up in accidents or are violently mugged at night. The founders developed a new software that can track the location of their member-boda’s via geo-tagging and automatically generates reports when accidents occur through a smartphone application. 

It turns out the MSMEGarage was indispensable in making their business grow to a success. As its founder Ivan explains: “The mSMEGarage walked with us all the way through incorporation and the development of designs that could stand patent protection worldwide. With this we have been able to get a Microsoft grant of 25,000 USD and have now reached thousands more bodaboda riders in the country." Apparently, newly developed companies are in particular need of affordable legal advice which seems to be simply missing in Uganda. "A team as intelligent and versatile as at the SME garage is quite difficult to find this side of Africa, that is rooted to the ground and particularly understands the hurdles of new businesses in Uganda.” 

The mSMEGarage won second place during the Innovating Justice Awards 2015, organized by HiiL, with an investment of 20.000USD and access to HiiL’s networks and expert advice. Almost halfway down its validation phase, the Garage managed to set up its online platform, adopt materials to facilitate 295 SMEGarage-registrations in its first weeks, conduct 2 legal seminars to a big audience and provide customized legal information to dozens of its clients. “All the advice, workshops and insights from the HiiL team have been incredibly valuable, and it opened new a new world of opportunities to us” said Michael, Lead Strategy and Product Development, following a week of intensive workshops with HiiL in their office.

 

DOWNLOAD

 mSME Garage Flyer

 

Published: May 21, 2016

Published in Latest News

Charles Asaba – Uganda Police Force

Dan Munanura – Uganda Police Force

Peter Okubu – Directorate of Public Prosecutions

Dennis Odongkara - Directorate of Public Prosecutions

David Kikabi - Judiciary

Joseph Ssinabulya - Judiciary

Derrick Kawuki - Judiciary

Sandra Ssali – Uganda Prisons Service

Ayo Felix – Uganda Prisons Service

Justus Byamukama – Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs

Sam Kapeace Kambere – Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs

Francis Luswata – Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs

Sam Wairagala – JLOS Secretariat

Edgar Kuhimbisa – JLOS Secretariat

Teddy Namugerwa – Ministry of Internal Affairs

Joseph Semugabi – Law Development Centre

Nassanga Miriam – Ministry of Internal Affairs

19. Wilberforce Wandera – Uganda Registration Services Bureau

Byamukama Herbert – Uganda Law Society

Mwanawakuno Thomas - Government Analytical Laboratory (GAL)

Sulaiman Omitta – Uganda Human Rights Commission

Winnie Logose – Uganda Human Rights Commission

Published in About JLOS
Saturday, 15 August 2015 11:35

Mobile birth registration in Uganda

 

UNICEF promotes birth registration as a human right and has had a pioneering role in advocating for, and successfully supporting birth registration programs in many parts of the world, leading to a level of commitment among governments and bringing about greater efficiency in systems that register births. 

In the recent past, UNICEF has also taken lead in innovating for children through harnessing available low cost technologies. One such clear opportunity for innovation has been the development and use of mobile and internet technologies to support UNICEF and partners to deliver results for children more efficiently and effectively. In Uganda for example, a solution known as Mobile Vital Records Systems (Mobile VRS) was developed with support from UNICEF, under a public private partnership with Uganda Telecom. Mobile VRS uses low cost technology to capture births and deaths registration data at community and hospital levels, and transmit it into a central government server in real time using mobile phones and a web-based application respectively. 

This system which is currently in use in all 135 government and missionary hospitals, and in half of the 112 district local governments, has in almost three years, increased national birth registration rates by an estimated 30 percent point increase from 30% in 2011 (UDHS 2011) to an estimated 60% at the end of 2014 (Mobile VRS/Administrative data). (See Annex 1)

UNICEF aims to support government of Uganda to scale up this solution to the remaining 54 districts and in over 200 Health Center IVs that were designated as birth and death registration districts in late 2014. Uganda has shared and continues to share this innovative best practice that could greatly improve delivery of, and access to birth registration services to all children including those in remote and hard to reach areas. 

 

Issue

While birth registration is compulsory for all people in Uganda according to the Births and Deaths Registration Act of 1970, the reality is that recent estimates from Mobile VRS and administrative data indicate that about 2.8 million of the approximately 7 million children under the age of 5 years in Uganda are not registered.  Without a legal identity that comes with birth registration, a child may not be able to prove their age, nationality and parentage, and as a result, they will not have institutional protection and are more vulnerable to exploitation, violence, neglect, early marriages, child labour, sexual trafficking and slavery. They may also not be able to claim basic services, such as access to education and health, as well as social protection. 

Even though URSB is decentralizing the final birth registration services (issuance of long birth certificates) away from Kampala into its regional offices, to make them more accessible, they remain far from the communities, and the barriers of inaccessibility due to long distances, significant waiting times, registration fees and other associated hidden costs are only reduced slightly. In districts with manual and paper-based registration systems, it takes several months from the time a child is registered to the time they receive their birth certificates, particularly for children born out of hospitals.  

With an estimated 1.5 each year million births in Uganda that needs to be registered, the requests pile up due to their quantity and the tardiness of the data processing in all involved units. 

The birth registration process is also poorly understood, and many people do not know where and how to obtain a birth certificate. In a mobile phone survey conducted in 2012 by UNICEF Uganda, 60% of respondents did not know where to go to register a birth. 

Lastly, birth registration data is an essential prerequisite for the implementation of adequate legislation, policies, as well as planning and delivery of basic social services for children. It will also soon be linked to the National ID as per the Registration of Persons Bill which was approved by Cabinet and whose intentions are to harmonize and consolidate the law on registration of persons, to provide for registration of individuals and to establish a national identification register. Birth registration is thus a critical contributor to good governance.

 

Action

As a response, UNICEF partnered with Uganda Telecom under a Public Private Partnership, and supported Uganda Registration Services Bureau (URSB), the government institution responsible for Civil Registration, to develop a solution known as Mobile Vital Records System (Mobile VRS). This system uses local mobile and internet technology to capture births and deaths registration data at community and hospital levels respectively. Information on birth records is transmitted in real time using pre-registered mobile phones in the community, and a web-based application in hospitals and district local governments, into a central government civil registry server. This makes the birth registration process faster, more accessible and more reliable, and the system is currently used in all 135 government and missionary hospitals, and in 58 out of 112 district local governments. 

Other planned actions include supporting development of a national policy on birth and death registration, capacity development of registrars and notifiers in the remaining 54 districts and over 200 Health Center IVs that have not yet started using Mobile VRS, system strengthening in the 135 hospitals and 58 districts that are already using Mobile VRS to register birth, advocacy with parliamentarians for increased government funding, builder partnerships with FBOs, CSOs and the private sector for improved service delivery and creating demand for birth registration through awareness creation on the importance of birth registration.

As part of South to South learning, Uganda has also shared with over 20 countries how the mobile and internet technologies can be used to improve delivery of real time birth registration services to all children, including those in hard to reach areas. Uganda will continue to share knowledge and experiences in the region and beyond, providing increased opportunities for effective registration services using innovative methods to millions of children.

 

Impact

Through this initiative, which is currently functional in all 135 government and missionary hospitals and in only 58 of the 112 district local governments, the percentage of birth registration in Uganda, has increased from 30% in 2011 to an estimated 60% by the end of December 2014. This estimated 30% increase in three years is a big improvement considering that national birth registration rates for under 5s increased by only 9 percent points over a 5 year period from 21% in 2006 (UDHS 2006) to 30% in 2011 (UDHS 2011). 

Therefore scaling up the use of Mobile VRS in the remaining 54 local governments and introducing it to the approximately 200 Health center IVs which were gazetted as birth registration districts at the end of 2014, would provide a significant opportunity to increase the birth registration rates for all children including the under 5s, for a target of at least 90% registration has been set in the GOU-UNICEF Country Programme results of 2016 to 2020. 

The design of the Mobile VRS system emphasizes cost effectiveness and long term sustainability. By building a system that leverages very high ownership rates of the most basic mobile phone handsets by designated “Notifiers,” initial investments significantly decreased and concerns about the replacement of old, lost or stolen phones are significantly decreased. UNICEF also supported URSB to acquire a single USSD code number 280 for Mobile VRS, which enables notifiers across different telecommunication networks (MTN, Uganda Telecom and Airtel) to use the same code over their respective sim-cards thereby cutting out the need to purchase and distribute mobile phones to notifiers.

The initial costs of setting up this system (hardware and software development, training, and initial system monitoring) is where the bulk of the investment lies. Recurrent, or ongoing costs, should be quite modest compared to the results achieved. The recurrent per transaction costs of capturing, digitizing and transferring the birth registration records is estimated at about only US$0.5 for every birth or death entered into the system. 

Budget

The budget estimate is based on observed investment costs while supporting strengthening of the capacities of registrars in 58 districts and 135 hospitals that are already using Mobile VRS to register births. This budget will over technical support to government on birth registration, capacity development for staff and procurement and distribution of ICT equipment (Computer, printer, internet modem, data) to the remaining 54 districts and over 200 Health Center IVs to which Mobile VRS will be introduced, overall system strengthening, travel and administrative costs.

Funds from UNICEF core resources will be used to support policy development and legislative reforms, social mobilization for improved public awareness about the importance of birth registration, advocacy work with parliamentarians for increased government funding, as well as contribute to building and strengthening the capacity of URSB to plan, coordinate and give oversight to the entire national birth and death registration exercise.

Published in Projects
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