Land Justice: An Overview


Land is a key strategic resource to Uganda’s population and is a core primary factor of agricultural production, ecosystem stability, and climate resilience. Prevalence of land conflicts at household level is high at 34.9% and is slightly higher amongst rural households (36%) compared to urban households (33%). Only 20% of land conflicts are not reported to any dispute resolution option. With a dispute resolution rate of 59.9% for land conflicts at first instance and an average dissatisfaction rate of only 13.3 % the land justice system is rated fair. 

Though the majority of cases are handled in semi-formal fora, the sector is working on strengthening oversight and setting standards while clarifying mandates of the different fora. Taken together, the situation of the land administration environment has significant implications for the Justice, Law and Order Sector to regulate and govern relations relating to the management of water resources, food security, forests, natural resource management, human health, infrastructure, and livelihoods. Land related wrangles and conflicts continuously flow into the criminal justice system. This situation has the potential to affect the country’s development and growth trajectory. 

The high rate of population growth together with poor environment management practices means that more pressure will be exerted on the natural resource base, even if only to maintain the current quality of life, much less to contribute to economic growth and deliver environmental benefits. The role of the Justice, Law and Order Sector to protect, promote and enforce the environmental legal, policy and regulatory framework working together with other sectors is important.



Uganda National Land Policy

Practice Direction (2007) on the issue of orders relating to registered land

Guidelines for the allocation of investment land by the Uganda Investment Authority